Amateur Aquaculture

Published: 28th January 2009
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When stocking your do-it-yourself fish farm ponds, species is important. There are several to choose from, although one is much easier than the rest. Which you select will depend on the climate and your desire.

Once the h2o in your fish pond is ready with vegetation and food and fitted with the proper oxygenation equipment, it's time to consider the fish. What fish your do-it-yourself fish farm will raise totally depends on a variety of things. The size of your pond, intentions for the breed and your experience will all determine what you breed.

Typical species grown by fish farms include salmon, catfish, tilapia, cod, carp and trout. At any rate several other fish can be raised as livestock, the trout is the best fish for a novice to start with. It's among the strongest of the fish raised on a fish farm and they have got a super market worth.

Salmon, though a great market fish, is a bigger undertaking for a beginner. The initial raising of this kind of fish is nearly equal trout. However, these fish require some time living in the ocean. This means they may require additional facilities to get them there, depending on the location of the hatchery.

In addition to the species of fish you want to primarily breed on your fish farm, consider some secondary species. One species to consider is perch. The fry make an excellent food source for other fish, especially trout and offer a bit of diversity to your pond. Keep in mind that perch are very prolific breeders and need to be kept under supervision.

Once you've decided on what types of fish to include in your fish farm, it's time to get some ova. There are two ways that you can do this; collecting and and fertilizing the ova or buying pre-fertilized eggs.

Wild fish eggs can be collected and then fertilized by the aquaculturist. The ova from a female fish are taken out and mixed with the milt of the males. This process requires that the aquaculturist have a very good knowledge of his species. Knowing when to harvest the eggs is crucial or they won't be fertilized.

Pre-fertilized, or eyed, ova are the easiest, and more reliable way, especially for the first-timer. Quite a few fish farmers begin with ova that are already fertilized. These can be purchased quite easily and arrive when they are nearly ready to hatch, avoiding the collection, fertilization and protecting of the ova.

Choose the species of fish you breed on your do-it-yourself fish farm carefully. Keep in mind that climate, location and the size of your fish farm will greatly determine what you breed.

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